CHRONOLOGY


 

1900

• July 13: Juanita Fernández Solar is born in Santiago (Chile), daughter of don Miguel Fernández Jaraquemada and of doña Lucía Solar Armstrong.

• July 15 : baptism at St. Ann's church in Santiago.

1906

• Juanita goes to the Theresian Sisters school in Santiago where she learns to read. She has a strong desire to do her first communion but people think that she is too young.

• Since her childhood, Juanita stays often with her family at Chacabuco, estate owned by her grand-father don Eulogio at 40 miles from Santiago. There she will have later a true apostolate among the farmers and their families.

1907

• Juanita goes as a day student to the Sacred Heart school in Santiago.

• May 13 : holy death of her grand-father, don Eulogio Solar Quiroga.

• Juanita's mother inherits a large part of the Chacabuco estate which is managed by don Miguel, Juanita's father. Unfortunately, bad management will put the family in increasingly difficult financial problems and will end by the sale of Chacabuco in 1917.

• Lucho, brother of Juanita, teaches her how to pray the rosary. Juanita promises to pray it every day and will keep her promise until her death (except one day during her childhood when she forgot it).

• Juanita does her first confession.

1909

• October 22 : Juanita receives the sacrament of confirmation.

1910

• September 11 : Juanita does her first communion, an event which she shall treasure for life in her memory.

• October 12 : birth of Ignacio, Juanita's last brother.

1914

• Juanita reads Story of a Soul of Thérèse of Lisieux.

• In December she has an appendicitis surgery which makes her suffer very much.

• Juanita hears for the first time the call of God to become Carmelite.

1915

• Juanita becomes boarder student at the Sacred Heart school in Santiago with her sister Rebeca.

• Juanita begins to write her Diary.

• December 8 : Juanita does for the first time a temporary vow of chastity, "promising to have no other Spouse than my Lord Jesus Christ whom I love from all my heart and whom I want to serve until the end of my life."

1917

• January 3 : she offers her life to God to save her brother Lucho from his religious doubts. The Lord does not accept her offering but tells her that her request shall be granted later.

• June 15 : she receives the medal of Child of Mary.

• The Chacabuco estate is sold because of financial problems. Juanita's family must change of house in Santiago and considerably reduce its expenses.

• July : Juanita reads Elizabeth of the Trinity.

• August : she does a general confession and receives the assurance that she never commited any mortal sin.

• September 5 : she writes for the first time to the carmel of Los Andes, expressing her desire to become Carmelite. She asks God to give her the strength to overcome the obstacles to enter the Carmel: her poor health, the lack of understanding from the part of her family and the financial problems to get the dowry.

• Decembre : she receives many prizes at school.

1918

• Juanita spends the Summer at Algarrobo on the Pacific shore. She gathers a parochial choir and teaches catechism.

• August 12 : Juanita leaves the Sacred Heart school and returns to her family to substitute her elder sister Lucita who just got married and to help her mother. She totally dedicates herself to serve her family.

• September 7 : she writes to the carmel of Los Andes to ask for admission and receives a positive answer.

• She reads The Way of Perfection of St. Teresa of Avila.

• She helps in parochial missions in Cunaco in the estate of her cousins Valdés Ossa. One day, one of the missionary priests sees her alone in the chapel in extasis in front of the tabernacle.

• She suffers from doubts about her vocation: must she be a Carmelite or a Sister of the Sacred Heart?

1919

• January 11 : accompanied by her mother, Juanita visits the carmel of Los Andes. Her doubts vanish and she receives confirmation of her Carmelite vocation.

• March 25 : Juanita writes to her father to ask for permission to enter the Carmel.

• April 6 : deeply moved, her father don Miguel grants her permission.

• Avril : Juanita prepares her entrance into the carmel. While beeing joyful to realize her vocation, she suffers very deeply because she is going to leave her family which she loves so much and which, she says, she would never have left for a man.

• May 7 : Juanita enters the carmel of Los Andes and receives the name of Teresa de Jesús (Sister Teresa of Jesus). Despite the suffering due to the separation from her family, peace and joy flood her soul.

• Teresa follows the Rule of the Carmel with humility and love. She offers herself to do the humblest and most disagreable works.

• Written from the carmel of Los Andes, Teresa's letters radiate hapiness and shall draw many of her friends to enter religious life.

• October 14 : Teresa receives the habit of Carmel and begins her noviciate.

• Teresa, has a strong spiritual bond with her prioress but suffers from misunderstanding and persecutions from the pedagogue sister (who helps the prioress in the direction of the novices).

• Various spiritual trials : tentations from the devil, dryness in silent prayer. Teresa goes on in her total gift of herself to Christ in great faithfulness to the Carmelite Rule.

1920

• At the beginning of March, Teresa assures Father Avertano, the Community confessor, that she shall die within a month. She asks for permission to do extraordinary penances. The confessor does not believe her and answers her that every Carmelite must be ready to die at every moment; let she only keep the Rule.

• Avril 1 : Holy Thursday. Teresa begins her way of the cross following Christ. She spends almost the entire day in the chapel.

• April 2 : Goos Friday. She participates in the liturgy. The novice mistress sees her with a strong fever and asks her to go to bed.

• April 3: Teresa endures terrible sufferings.

• April 5 : she asks for confession and communion. She suffers terrible tentations of despair. The devil tries to convince her that God has rejected her because of her unfaithfulness.

• April 6 : arrival at the carmel of Los Andes of doña Lucía, Teresa's mother. She brings with her a written permission of the Apostolic Nuncio to have Teresa leave the enclosure to go to a good hospital in Santiago. The prioress answers that Teresa would not accept this : if she would die out of the enclosure, she would be considered as having left the Order, which would be unbearable for her. Doña Lucía understands that the Lord asks her to offer him her daughter.

• April 7 : Teresa does her religious profession in articulo mortis. The physicians' diagnosis is an advanced typhus . Teresa receives communion for the last time.

• April 12 : Teresa dies at 7:15 pm.

• April 14 : Burial of Teresa. Surprisingly, the convent chapel is flooded by people from Los Andes; they say they come to see the little saint who just died of love, while they did not know Teresa when she was alive. Thus the reputation of holiness of Teresa is immediate.

• November 23 : Rebeca, sister of Teresa, enters the carmel de Los Andes. She had understood that the Lord was inviting her to substitute her sister. She receives the name of Teresa del Divino Corazón (Teresa of the Divine Heart). She shall die on December 31, 1942, with a reputation of holiness.

1947

• March 20 : beginning of the Diocesan process in view of Teresa's beatification. This process shall last until 1971 and shall be followed, according to the Holy See's request, to a complement of information.

1984

• Death of Lucho (Luis Fernández Solar), last surviving brother of Teresa.

1986

• March 22 : Pope John Paul II signs the decree recognizing that Teresa de Los Andes practiced in a heroic way the evangelical virtues. Teresa can now be call "venerable".

1987

• April 3 : Pope John Paul II beatifies Teresa de Los Andes in Santiago during his apostolic trip to Chile. Teresa is the first Chilean raised to the honors of the altars.

• Building in Auco (near Los Andes) of a shrine to receive the tomb of Teresa. New buidings for the Carmelite monastery are also built near the shrine.

1993

• March 21 : Pope John Paul II canonizes Teresa de Los Andes in Rome at St. Peter's.




 Print this page